NASA’s Kepler spacecraft has discovered three new “habitable zone” planets that are close to Earth’s size, even if they’re not all that close to the Earth.
NPR’s Joe Palca reports that the trio of worlds, orbiting the star Kepler-62, about 1,200 light years away in the constellation Lyra and are thought to lie in the so-called ‘Goldilocks zone’ – where it’s not too hot and not too cold for liquid water.
Just as important, the planets’ moderate size — less than twice the mass of Earth — bolsters the chances for life on them, scientists says.
So called exoplanets that orbit other stars have become a fairly routine find since the first of them were discovered in the 1992. But, as The Associated Press notes, “in the past … they haven’t fit all the criteria that would make them right for life. And until now, the handful of planets astronomers found in that ideal zone, were just too big. Those are likely to be gas balls like Neptune and that’s not suitable for life.”
Two of the three detailed in the new findings published in the journal Science are of particular interest: Kepler 62-e and Kepler 62-f. William Borucki, the chief scientist for NASA’s Kepler telescope, says the planets are slightly wider than Earth, but not too big. Kepler-62-e is a bit toasty, like a Hawaiian world and Kepler-62-f is a bit nippy, more Alaskan, Borucki tells the AP.
“This is the first one where I’m thinking ‘Huh, Kepler-62-f really might have life on it’,” said study co-author David Charbonneau of Harvard. “This is a very important barrier that’s been crossed. Why wouldn’t it have life?”
Palca says the Kepler spacecraft detects planets orbiting distant stars by finding small dips in the light coming from those stars when an orbiting planet passes in front.